Victor Vescovo sets new record for deepest manned solo dive

The explorers believe they have discovered four new species of prawn-like crustaceans called amphipods

Victor Vescovo, 53, visited Challenger Deep, which is the deepest known point in the ocean in the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean on May 1, according to CNN. During the deepest dive on April 28, which he undertook alone, Vescovo spent a total of four hours exploring the basin. While he saw particles of an object, he can't be certain if it was made of plastic or metal.

Before Cameron's dive, the first-ever expedition to Challenger Deep was made in 1960 by the U.S. Navy, which reached a depth of 10,912 metres. The team also discovered brightly colored rocks on the sea floor, potentially formed by microbes, the BBC reports. The last challenge will be to reach the bottom of the Molloy Deep in the Arctic Ocean, an expedition planned for August this year.

To show how deep it is, think about this: If you were to drop Mount Qomolangma, which is more than 8,000 meters tall, into the Mariana Trench, there would still be almost two kilometers of water between the mountain's summit and the surface.

"Honestly, toward the end, I simply turned the thrusters off, leaned back in the cockpit and enjoyed a tuna fish sandwich while I very slowly drifted just above the bottom of the deepest place on Earth, enjoying the view and appreciating what the team had done technically", Vescovo said.

The dive was part of the The Five Deeps Expedition, a project sponsored by Caladan Oceanic, a private marine-technology development company owned by Vescovo, attempting to explore the deepest regions of each of the world's five oceans, according to The Five Deeps Expedition's website.

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At the deepest point, they were accompanied by some transparent bottom-dwelling sea cucumbers (Holothurians) and an amphipod called the Hirondellia gigas.

What looks like a plastic wrapper at the far right-hand corner of the picture.

Movie director James Cameron then made a solo plunge half a century later in 2012 in his bright green sub.

"Our team had to pioneer new camera systems that could be mounted on the submersible, operate at up to 10,000m below sea level and work with robotic landers with camera systems that would allow us to film Victor's submersible on the bottom of the ocean". Victor is the third person to have dived to the deepest point in the ocean, known as Challenger Deep. Because on previous missions these amphipods have been found to have microplastics in their guts, the team collected samples to test how much.

The global Five Deeps expedition has successfully completed the deepest submarine dive in history.

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