2018 was fourth hottest on record

A polar bear tests the strength of thinning ice in the Arctic

In statements given out by scientists, world is in the middle of what is likely to be the warmest 10 years since records began in 1850.

On Wednesday it incorporated the final weeks of previous year into its climate models and concluded that average global surface temperature in 2018 was 1 degree Celsius (1.8 Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial baseline levels.

According to NOAA, the JMA and the UK Met Office, the last five years, 2014-2018, are now considered to be the hottest five years in the record books.

The records also show that the annual temperature of the Old Continent increased at an average rate of 0.12 Celsius degrees per decade since 1910, although it has nearly quadrupled to 0.43 Celsius since 1981.

NOAA said the average temperature for the contiguous U.S.in 2018 was 53.5 degrees Fahrenheit, making it a warmer-than-average year for the 22nd year in a row.

Global warming has become a controversial subject in the United States, with the Trump administration withdrawing from the 2015 Paris accord on climate change.

"It's been hot", said Gavin Schmidt, director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS).

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Previous year also saw the melting of what is believed to be some of the oldest ice in the Arctic, north of Greenland - which scientists believed would be the "last bastion" to be melted by climate change.

The analysis, based on the monitoring performed by five leading worldwide organisations, also shows that the global average surface temperature in 2018 was approximately 1° Celsius above the pre-industrial (1850-1900) baseline. NOAA found the average mean temperatures for the contiguous US was the 14th-warmest on record. The results of this warming, Schmidt said, can be seen from the heat waves in Australia and extended droughts to coastal flooding in the United States, in disappearing Arctic ice and shrinking glaciers.

The British Met Office said temperatures could rise to 1.5C above pre-industrial times, for instance if a natural El Nino weather event adds a burst of heat.

"People place way too much emphasis on a single year, usually to re-enforce a story, or a narrative, they have in their mind, already", he said.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration released a 2018 climate assessment Wednesday, and the temperatures continue to climb.

"The planet is warming".

NASA announced today that 2018 was officially the 4th warmest year since the 1880s, with the fastest increase in warming found in the Arctic.

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