Nations overcome last-minute divisions to forge climate deal

Nations overcome last-minute divisions to forge climate deal

After two weeks of crunch negotiations - with overtime - the nearly 200 parties gathered in Katowice, Poland, for the United Nations COP24 two-week climate change conference, adopted on Saturday a "robust" set of implementing guidelines for the landmark 2015 Paris Agreement, aimed at keeping global warming well below 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels.

The United States does not intend to participate in the Paris Agreement on climate change, the US State Department said in a statement, following the UN climate conference in Poland's Katowice.

The climate change conference, COP24, is closing today in Katowice, Poland.

"The next step, of course, is for countries to take urgent, ambitious action to fulfil their Paris Agreement commitments", LDC Group's Chair added.

The private sector overall, showed strong engagement. "All nations can leave Katowice with a sense of pride, knowing that their efforts have paid off".

The head of the conference, Michal Kurtyka, sealed the plenary compromise with a stroke of the gavel.

"If Brazil's language is allowed to stay, it will embed the double counting of emissions reductions in the Paris Agreement. undermine the ability of carbon markets to drive emissions down", said EDF's Alex Hanafi.

"Equity is specifically mentioned in Article 14 of the Paris Agreement".

It would not only be immoral, it would be suicidal, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said.

"The Administration's position on the Paris Agreement remains unchanged". Ambition in finance. Ambition in technical cooperation and capacity building.

Most nations wanted the findings of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change to form a key part of future planning.

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It sets out how countries will provide information about their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that describe their domestic climate actions.

Harjeet Singh, global climate lead at ActionAid, said rich countries were "playing a cruel joke" on developing nations.

Last year, the United States announced it woud pull out of the Paris climate pact but can not formally do so until 2020.

Another notable achievement of the negotiations in Poland is that nations agreed on how to collectively assess the effectiveness of climate action in 2023, and how to monitor and report progress on the development and transfer of technology.

The 2015 Paris Agreement was a landmark moment in worldwide diplomacy, bringing together governments with vastly different views to tackle the common threat of global warming. The same will be done at the worldwide level.

This is done for example through "carbon markets" - or "carbon trading", which enables countries to trade their emissions allowances.

That UN session will come as Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is expected to be campaigning for re-election, with the vote schedule for October.

After two weeks of talks in Poland, negotiations established the "rule book" that implements the worldwide climate treaty, which aims to limit the average increase in global temperatures to well below 2 C and avert the most catastrophic impacts of climate change.

Executive director of Greenpeace Jennifer Morgan said: "We continue to witness an irresponsible divide between the vulnerable island states and impoverished countries pitted against those who would block climate action or who are immorally failing to act fast enough".

"Unfortunately, in the end, the differences could not be overcome". "To avoid risky warming, countries need to ratchet up their ambition dramatically, which will only happen if countries have clarity about what others are committing to, and confidence that they are meeting those commitments".

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