4 simple ways to prevent, control high blood pressure

Raised blood pressure due to high salt consumption is the biggest single contributing risk factor for non-communicable diseases and damage to kidney

The National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16) released earlier this year revealed that as many as 19.8 per cent men and 13.2 per cent women in Telangana have hypertension. But, did you also know that there are some simple things that we do can make a difference in whether or not a person is classified as having high blood pressure that needs medical attention? "Some of the common hypertension disorders related to pregnancy include gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and eclampsia, which may lead to disastrous consequences, including risking the lives of the mother and child", said Dr Ranjana Becon, Consultant - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia Asia Hospital, Ghaziabad. It is medical condition called as silent killer as it does not show any clear symptoms however severe hypertension show some symptoms of headaches, sleepiness, palpitation, blurred vision, fatigue, dizziness, confusion, ringing sensation in the ears, breathing difficulty, irregular heartbeat which may lead to even coma. There should be free counselling centers set up by the government.

Hypertension is the leading cause of mortality, with an estimated 1.2 billion sufferers globally.

"Anyone with hypertension is at an increased risk of infertility". Firstly, it is the age. Apart from this, it is advisable to focus on lifestyle risk factors that can be modified. "If your BP is between 130-140/80-90, implement lifestyle changes as you are at risk for hypertension".

Limit the amount of alcohol: Alcohol can be good for health if consumed in moderation.

"Hypertension is referred to frequently elevated blood pressure which causes the blood carrying arteries to narrow down thereby making it difficult for the blood to travel smoothly and easily throughout your body, making the heart work harder".

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Blood pressure needs to be checked regularly after the age of 30.

"This is despite the availability of numerous blood pressure lowering medications and is largely due to people not taking the medication because they have had side effects or worry that they will have side effects".

Say no to tobacco: While smoking has not been conclusively proven to cause high blood pressure, each cigarette you smoke temporarily increases your blood pressure for many minutes after you finish. Whole-grains, high-fibre foods, omega-3-rich fish, non-tropical vegetable oils like olive oil, skinless poultry, low-fat dairy products, etc should be included in the diet. Talk with your doctor about the best weight for you.

The fact that no known cause of hypertension is derived among 90 per cent of patients and majority not even aware that they have hypertension until they observe symptoms related to heart disease, makes the scenario rather grim.

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