Going vegetarian slashes the risk of heart failure by 42%, study reveals

GETTYThe risk of heat failure is reduced by seven per cent

The news about coffee just keeps getting better.

Victoria Taylor, senior dietitian at the British Heart Foundation, said: "Previous research has suggested that intakes of three to five cups of coffee a day shouldn't affect the risk of developing heart and circulatory disease".

The research was presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2017, in California. She's a data scientist for the American Heart Association's Institute for Precision Cardiovascular Medicine in Dallas.

"We found that both red meat consumption and coffee consumption were associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke within the Framingham data", Stevens said. In this case, they looked for factors that predicted stroke and heart failure risk.

The study was carried out using an artificially intelligent machine-learning system.

Get the latest health and science news, plus: burning questions and expert tips. "The risk assessment tools we now use for predicting whether someone might develop heart disease, particularly heart failure or stroke, are very good but they are not 100 percent accurate", said Laura M. Stevens, first author of the study and a doctoral student at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. "The challenge here is there are so many potential risk factors, and testing each one using traditional methods would be extremely time consuming, and possibly infeasible", she added. Overall participants, who were involved from 2003 to 2007 and followed through to 2013, included 15,569 patients without previously diagnosed heart failure or coronary artery disease.

Researchers re-analysed data from the Framingham Heart Study, a long-running United States investigation of heart disease risk factors involving thousands of participants.

For coffee drinkers, every 8-ounce cup per day reduced these risks by 7%, 8% and 5%, respectively, compared to people who didn't drink coffee.

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"By including coffee in the model, the prediction accuracy increased by 4 percent", says Dr. Kao.

Stevens and team also found a correlation between how much red meat we include in our diets and the risk of stroke and heart failure. But coffee consumption also showed up as a significant predictor of stroke and heart failure.

The researchers then confirmed their findings with more traditional analyses of two additional large study groups: the Cardiovascular Heart Study and the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.

However, the study merely points to an association - not a direct cause-and-effect relationship - between coffee, red meat, and lower heart risk. Their analysis identified a number of well-known risk factors for heart failure and stroke, including age, blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

A new research adds to the multiple benefits of coffee consumption, making all coffee lovers happy.

In a more surprising finding, the research also suggested that red meat might be linked to lower risk of heart failure and stroke, said Stevens, who is also a doctoral student at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in Aurora.

Stevens and her colleagues fed data from the long-running Framingham Heart Study into a computer programmed to look for associations between risk factors, in hopes of finding unidentified influences on heart health.

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